Diagnosing Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema begins with a dilated eye exam. If necessary, our physician will order a Fluorescein Angiogram to view the blood vessels. A fluorescein angiogram is performed by injecting a dye into a vein in your arm or hand to highlight the blood vessels. As the dye flows through your bloodstream, photographs are taken of the Retina and blood vessels. This is a vital diagnostic test that provides the Physician with a view of fragile blood vessels and/or poor blood vessel circulation. An OCT (Ocular Coherence Tomography) scan of the macula is a non invasive test to show whether or not there is swelling in the retina.